A milk-and_egg dairy industry is unlikely to survive in India’s most populous state of Maharashtra, a report has found.
According to a report by the Centre for Research on Indian Economy (CREDE), the state has the lowest milk consumption of any Indian state.
The survey also found that milk consumption among children is also low.
Accordingly, milk consumption in Maharashtra has decreased from 6.2 liters per capita in 2010-11 to 5.6 litres per capita, and the consumption of eggs has dropped from 2.4 litres per person per day in 2010 to 1.7 litres per child per day today.
However, the survey said there is still a lot of demand for dairy products.
“The dairy industry’s share of the total food and beverage market is expected to grow by 10% from 2012-13 to 2019-20,” it said.
However some experts questioned the report, arguing that there is no need for an increase in the consumption rate as the industry has been growing at a much faster rate than the overall food and beverages market.
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), which represents the country’s dairy industry, said the survey showed that “milk consumption is at an all-time high”.
The institute’s chief economist said, “This is not a report that can be taken as an indicator of the future or the future prospects of the industry.”
However, CREDE also pointed out that milk demand has remained steady despite the high cost of milk compared with eggs and other dairy products.
“The dairy market has been in a slump due to a drop in consumption, especially among the youth.
A lot of people are not consuming milk at all and a lot have stopped eating eggs,” said Dr Nirmala Grewal, a consultant food scientist and a member of the CREDe board.
Dr Grewals said that despite the rise in the demand for milk and eggs, the industry is not doing much to meet the demand.
“In fact, dairy products are not doing very well,” she said.